A 3D house is a house that is built with a large 3D printer. Building material (such as concrete mixture) is poured into a large 3D printer. The printer then prints its walls & structure layer by layer, from down to the upward side. It also provides it with a building like a shape.
Development In 3D House Making Technology
This building technique was first evolved in the year 1995.
- Joseph Pegna developed a technique to print 3D houses using sand or cement forming. The materials formed a strong bond between each printed layer.
- Bedrock Khoshnevis developed another technique referred to as Contour Crafting. He used ceramic materials & polymers metals into shaping the 3D printed house. In 2000 he along-with his team started working on large-scale construction using 3D printing house.
- In 2003 Mr. Rupert Soar formed a Freeform Construction group in the UK and started implementing the technology. Construction in reality. The material used also in this technique was concrete.
- Enrico Dini (Italy) first introduced D shaped technology to print 3D houses. Using bonding agents (inorganic), they used to build 3D Houses, structures bridges, etc.
- Richard Buswell & team began first-ever concrete printing in the year 2008 at Loughborough University, UK. Besides, they prepared their constructions using industrial robots.
- James B Gardiner and Steven Janssen have patent building technology (in the year 2013) using precast concrete & GRC (glass-reinforced concrete). In this technology, mold was prepared with wax, according to the planned design. After that, the building material was poured & dried to provide it with the desired shape. The molded wax was also re-used after crushing & melting off each mold after usage.
- Companies like – MX3D, BetAbram, Specavia, XTree, 3DPrinthuset, SD4Q are the most mentioned names in building 3D printed houses. These companies are working with various projects to build not only houses but also commercial buildings, skyscrapers, roads & bridges using 3D technology.
Various materials used throughout the development of this technology from beginning to the present date. Besides, some of them are concrete mixtures consisting of cement, sand, polymers, fibers, epoxy resins, polycarbonates, glass-filled polyamide, etc.
Advantages Of 3D House Rendering
- One standard size house needs 1day to print entirely using large 3D house printing robots.
- It costs 50% – 60% lesser than the normal constructed house.
- Also, the buildings are very strong & can survive extreme weather conditions.
- We can reinforce new-age shape, design & architectures easily into this kind of house.
- Environment-friendly materials are used to build these houses.
Disadvantages Of 3D Houses
- Printers used by the builders are the latest in technology. So it is expensive to buy.
- Some of the materials used to build are toxic. Thus the construction workers need to ensure their safety.
- The wall surfaces may not be smooth like conventional buildings.
Although the technology of 3D printed houses is very recent, cheaper, less time taking and structurally sound buildings keep this technology motivated for future assignments.
Moreover, with each passing day, 3D house projects will develop and also open new opportunities for innovation and development.